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Active Shooter

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Active Shooter is a phrase coined by law enforcement that describes an armed person who has used deadly physical force on persons and continues to do so while having unrestricted access to additional victims. The school shooting at Columbine and similar incidents have caused a paradigm-shift in law enforcement training and tactics. Instead of being taught to wait for a SWAT team to arrive, officers receive training on how to take immediate action during incidents that clearly involve suspects use of deadly force.

United States Attorney Leura G. Canary stated, "We hear about a shooting in a school or business every few months now, in both large and small towns. Law enforcement must be prepared to handle these situations as they arise. After the Columbine shooting, law enforcement agencies realized that first-on-the-scene patrol officers must be ready to enter a school, mall or other public place to neutralize a shooter and stop the killing."

In Active Shooter or Immediate Action Rapid Deployment training, officers are provided training on single and team tactics for Active Shooters, and deliberate and dynamic techniques for dealing with the variety of floor plan situations encountered in schools. Mostly, the class stressed the first officer and follow on officer teams moving safely, assertively, and decisively to engage and neutralize the active threat, thereby preventing the further loss of innocent life. This valuable training provided Patrol Officers and School Resource Officers the skills necessary to decisively end these violent encounters and minimize the loss of innocent human life caused by Active Shooters.  The purpose of this page is to build an ongoing and up-to-date compendium of active shooter information, research and training.

Discussions and Resources on Active Shooter

Active Shooter: Recommendations and Analysis for Risk Mitigation
A 182 page, exhaustive look at Active Shooters. The NYPD developed these recommendations based on a close analysis of active shooter incidents from 1966 to 2010. This Compendium of cases, presented in the Appendix, includes 281 active shooter incidents. It is organized chronologically by type of facility targeted, including office buildings, open commercial areas, factories and warehouses,
schools, and other settings.

Being an Active Shooter
An article written by a trainer who was used as the "Active Shooter."  An informative, other side of the coin look.

El Paso County Sheriff Police on Active Shooter
Example Policy on Active Shooter situations.

Proactive Planning for Active Shooter Situations
Pennsylvania police department has crafted a program to educate community organizations such as schools and hospitals to prepare in the event the unthinkable happens: a gunman in their midst.

Active Shooter: How to Respond
Twenty page document prepared by the Department of Homeland Security. This pamphlet provides guidance to individuals, including managers and employees, who may be caught in an active
shooter situation, and discusses how to react when law enforcement responds.

Active Shooter: Response Card
Prepared by the Department of Homeland Security, this card is meant for distribution to employees, students and patrons, those who might be trapped by an active shooter.

Active Shooter Training

Active Shooter: What You Can Do
Course Description: An active shooter is an individual actively engaged in killing or attempting to kill people in a confined and other populated area. In most cases, active shooters use firearms and there is no pattern or method to their selection of victims. Active shooter situations are unpredictable and evolve quickly.  All employees can help prevent and prepare for potential active shooter situations. This course provides guidance to individuals, including managers and employees, so that they can prepare to respond to an active shooter situation

Response to an Active Shooter Incident: Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico
Thirteen page presentation about an active shooter incident.  Good material for scenario construction and debreifing.

Active Shooter Threat Instructor Training Program
The Active Shooter Threat Instructor Training Program (ASTITP) is designed to qualify the student to be a field training agent or officer by providing them with high quality training and instilling the analytical knowledge, skills and attitudes needed for the highest proficiency in this specialized field. The course takes Active Shooter Threat Tactics Training to the next level by emphasizing leadership; teach backs, and adult learning as well as the traditional technical skills needed by field training officers and special agents. This course is an intensive 48 hour training program that covers a variety of tactical subject matters to include; Individual and team movement and operational formation. In addition, this program focuses on the role of the field trainer and emphasizes evaluation skills and documentation requirements. Upon successful completion of the course, each student will receive a certificate of completion and will be officially recognized as an Active Shooter Threat Tactics Instructor.

ALERRTActive Shooter Training
Texas State University-San Marcos, Texas, known for its national Advanced Law Enforcement Rapid Response Training (ALERRT) Active Shooter Response program, has developed the First Responder Operations in Rural Terrain (FORT) course in response to input received from officers all across the country. Since 2002, ALERRT at Texas State has delivered vital active shooter response training to nearly 40,000 law enforcement professionals across the nation, through more than $22 million in state and BJA and other federal funding.

Active Shooter and Intruder Response for Schools
The Missouri Office of Homeland Security has provided the Active Shooter and Intruder Response for Schools training course throughout the state since 2009. These deliveries are local offerings intended for individual jurisdictions, therefore lodging and meal reimbursements are not available. These courses are P.O.S.T. certified and free of charge to participants and jurisdictions.

Active Shooter Response
California POST Course Listing throughout the state.

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