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Massad F. Ayoob

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Massad Ayoob is a Captain with the Grantham Police Department, New Hampshire.  He has taught police tactics and civilian self-defense in a variety of venues since 1974. Massad Ayoob is presently Director of Lethal Force Institute (LFI), which trains 800 to 1,200 people each year in judicious use of deadly force, armed and unarmed combat, threat management for police, and advanced officer survival.  Through the institute, Massad coordinates a dozen LFI staff instructors and assistant instructors in four countries. 


In addition to being the founder of the Lethal Force Institute, Massad Ayoob, is an acknowledged expert on the use of deadly force in self-defense by civilians. He has long advocated for the armed citizen, however, his experience as a police officer illustrated to him how poorly the average citizen understood the laws concerning deadly force. In an attempt to correct the dangerous misconceptions on the subject, he wrote “In the Gravest Extreme.” The success of that book help establish LFI as a full-time training academy


The most famous LFI course is Judicious Use Of Deadly Force (LFI1).  The course consists of 40 hours of immersion training that goes well beyond law school and the police academy in the critical decision-making area of use of deadly force.  Topics of the course include prevention, intervention and aftermath management.  Moreover, the course includes: when the citizen can and cannot use a gun in self defense; tactics for home defense; street gunfighting tactics; how to take a criminal suspect at gunpoint; selection of guns, ammo, and holsters; psychological preparation for violent encounters; and, justifying your actions in court. Finally, intensive combat shooting comprises 40% of the course.


Massad Ayoob appears selectively as a court accepted expert witness in the areas of dynamics of violent encounters weapons and weapons/self defense/police training, and survival and threat management tactics and principles. In addition to the sixteen books he has authored, he has also penned over 1,000 articles on firearms, combat techniques, self-defense, and legal issues; and, has served in an editorial capacity for Guns Magazine, American Handgunner, Gun Week and Combat Handguns.

Captain Massad Ayoob is the author of a large number of firearm related books, including: Gun-Proof Your Children; The Truth About Self Protection; Ayoob Files: The Book; Stressfire II: Advanced Combat Shotgun; Stressfire, Vol. 1 (Gunfighting for Police: Advanced Tactics and Techniques); Fundamentals of Modern Police Impact Weapons; Gun Digest Book Of Beretta Pistols; Gun Digest Book of SIG-Sauer: A Complete Look at SIG-Sauer Pistols; The Gun Digest Book of Combat Handgunnery; Semi-Automatic Pistol in Police Service and Self Defense; Hit the White Part; and, In the Gravest Extreme: The Role of the Firearm in Personal Protection.

One reader of Semi-Automatic Pistol in Police Service and Self Defense said, “I read this book in the late 80s when I was first getting into autoloading pistols. It taught me a lot and made me a believer in the tactical superiority of the autoloader. While the book is written for law enforcement officials looking to make a change to autoloaders, it will help the law-abiding private citizen as well make a better selection when shopping for one of these fine weapons. Ayoob is one of the better firearms instructors working today. His insight and advice are thought-provoking and challenging.”

According to one reader of Gun-Proof Your Children, “I recently bought this book because I am a gun owner and my wife recently became pregnant with our first child. While it was just the two of us in the house, my ownership of several guns was not an issue - I stored them out of sight, and my wife was simply not inclined to touch them anyway, even if I had them lying around on the kitchen counter.  However, with a little one on the way and with myself not willing to simply give away my guns, I had to figure out some way for my guns and my children to safely co-exist in the same household.

This book has been very helpful to me in exploring a way to have such a happy situation. While most parents' first instinct would be to simply put as much distance as possible between their children and guns (a perfectly understandable reaction), Mr. Ayoob correctly states that despite your own prohibitions in your own household, it is highly likely - in fact a near certainty - that your child will come in contact with a real, loaded firearm sometime in his or her childhood without the benefit of responsible adult supervision. What happens when you're not around is the true test of a parent's education to their children.

Much as you won't protect your children against the prospect of drowning by simply keeping them away from water in which they can be submerged all their lives (they will eventually go to a lake, swimming pool or ocean sometime in their childhoods) banning the mention or sight of guns from your own home will not protect your children from guns. As Mr. Ayoob has himself raised two children, his concerns were what mine are now, as guns were a part of his livelihood, and he slowly came to realize that there was no possible way to make a gun "childproof," despite all the locks, safety measures, and such that come to mind. If a human being can think of a way to "childproof" a gun, a human mind, namely that of a child - can find a way to defeat it.

The solution, therefore, is to GUN-PROOF your children. That is, make your child able to respond to guns with a sense of responsibility and safety, instead of childlike curiosity and ignorance. Just as the best way to make your child safe around deep water is to teach them to swim and how to tread water and not panic, the best way to keep your kids safe around guns (whether they be yours or someone else's) is to teach them proper and safe handling of guns, not by telling them simplistic and dangerous mantras of "guns are bad, guns are bad!”

Lawerence Kane (Surviving Armed Assaults) said about The Truth About Self Protection, “After a long night of poker and drinking I crashed at a friend's apartment back in 1986. As I prepared to leave the next morning I found I could not reach my car due to all the police tape, an ambulance, and a couple dozen cops. Turns out a lady a block away where I had parked had been hacked to death with an ax early that morning. The incident convinced me to think about personal protection in a whole new way. A Seattle police officer friend of mine recommended that I get this book (originally written in 1983). I've probably read it a dozen times since then.

Although some of the material is a bit dated, I still consider it the finest tome on this subject matter ever written. It discusses what to do before, during, and after a violent encounter, morally, legally, and ethically identifying the appropriate to use countervailing force. It covers everything from walking down the street, to driving your vehicle, to securing your home. All manner of makeshift weapons as well as open hand defensive scenarios are discussed. It also provides a holistic set of criteria and considerations to help civilians decide whether or not to carry a firearm for self-defense.

Massad Ayoob, Director of the Lethal Force institute, is a retired police officer and one of the nation's leading authorities in countervailing force. Most of his writings are about firearms yet I believe this to be his finest work. Even though I wish that he would update these materials and reprint this book, I still feel that the current version is well worth the money. It's no longer the end all be all, but it is essential reading nevertheless.”

One reader of Stressfire II: Advanced Combat Shotgun said, “I was fortunate enough to read this book when it first came out in 1992. One concept that hit me in the face was that the shotgun was "heavy artillery." I have a military background and I had to shift mental gears; the heaviest police weapons are the lightest military weapons. Shotguns are devastating on unarmored personnel in the open at short (hand grenade) ranges. Between pages 15 and 30, Ayoob provides a series of photographs showing what the shotgun does to human bodies and 7-yard shot patterns. The problems of shotgun retention when the bad guys try to take your gun away are addressed. Shotguns are more prone to malfunctions than the military rifles and pistols I deal with-the recommended "immediate action drill" for a jammed shotgun is dropping the gun and pulling your pistol. It won't always be an option-many people have only a shotgun, no handguns! In that case, the hand-to-hand combat techniques (using the shotgun as an impact weapon) may come in handy; they're based on military bayonet fighting techniques. In my experience, the two most-common shotgun malfunctions are short-stroking the pump gun and failing to pick up a shell from the magazine (fixed by pumping it again) and running the magazine dry (reloading fixes that). Sometimes the shot shells just hang up-which takes a few minutes to fix. Ayoob's recommendation to use a secondary weapon-even if that's simply using your shotgun as a club-makes sense in the split-second world of hand-to-hand combat. "Stressfire II" also has tips on using cover (protection from bullets) and managing the shotgun's stiff recoil. On the latter, Ayoob recommends the 20 gauge autoloading shotgun-or the then-new low-recoil "tactical buckshot."

The equipment recommendations are still valid, even if some of the guns Ayoob mentions are only available second-hand, on the used gun rack. One thing that wasn't available when this book was written was an efficient white light mount for the shotgun. The gun-mounted light is for target identification and to dazzle the target-I'm sure that Ayoob teaches proper management of the shotgun-mounted light in his shooting school. "Stressfire II" is a textbook on techniques and equipment. I recommend going to a shooting school-but read the textbook first and know your equipment before going. Your school should teach both technique and tactics. "Stressfire II" can help you choose your school by showing you what techniques work and what doesn't.”

One reader of Fundamentals of Modern Police Impact Weapons said, “This book is about actually using weapons rather than simulation in the studio or dojo. Martial artists who want to use their skills only as a sport may do so but most of us want skills that would work outside of the studio. On the streets, no matter your skill, strength and size may trump your technique. A weapon is an equalizer but many weapons such as gun and knife are potentially lethal -- and in the real world lethality or even long-lasting damage should not be treated lightly. Ayoob shows how impact weapons can be used to STOP an assailant with minimal long-term damage.”

According to the book description of Gun Digest Book Of Beretta Pistols, “As the personal protection arena of the firearms industry continues to grow, resources devoted to choice protective handguns are at a premium. In The Gun Digest Book of Beretta, thorough specifications and articles on function and reliability provide valuable information for people researching self-protection options, handgun collectors and target-shooting enthusiasts.

With more than 500 years of gun-making history, the Beretta name is synonymous with solid craftsmanship. In the pages of this new release from the publishers of Gun Digest, readers get information including caliber, weight and barrel lengths for modern pistols. A review of the accuracy and function of all models of modern Beretta pistols give active shooters details needed to make the most of this popular firearm. More than 300 photographs, coupled with articles detailing the development of design and style of these handguns, create a comprehensive must-have resource: Comprehensive review of function and accuracy for all modern Beretta models gives enthusiasts a complete guide to their Beretta choices; 300+ photos help with identification; and, Articles explore the evolution of Beretta design.”

According to the book description of The Gun Digest Book of Combat Handgunnery, “Well-known firearms authority Massad Ayoob reports on the latest techniques and available handguns, ammunition, and accessories essential to effective self-defense with a handgun. Covered topics are of vital importance to anyone who has an interest in the tactical use of a handgun.  Combat pistols, including semi-automatics and revolvers, are discussed. Readers will learn what to look for in a used handgun, how to build and test necessary skills, and where to find additional training. Combat handgun controversies are thoroughly discussed such as revolvers versus semi-automatics and point shooting versus aimed shooting.

New combat handgun tactics and techniques are evaluated and demonstrated including close quarters battle, and combat scan. Enthusiasts will also learn about common mistakes and accidents and how to prevent them. Contains essential information on concealed carry.: Learn about the latest combat handgun techniques, handguns, and accessories; Build and test necessary combat handgun skills; and, Tactics and techniques are evaluated and demonstrated .

In the Gravest Extreme Role of the Firearm in Personal Protection
Massad F. Ayoob  More Info

Hit the White Part
Massad F. Ayoob  More Info

Semi-Automatic Pistol in Police Service and Self Defense
Massad F. Ayoob  More Info

The Gun Digest Book of Combat Handgunnery
Massad F. Ayoob  More Info

Gun Digest Book of SIG-Sauer: A Complete Look at SIG-Sauer Pistols
Massad F. Ayoob  More Info

Gun Digest Book Of Beretta Pistols
Massad F. Ayoob  More Info
Armed and Alive
Massad F. Ayoob  More Info

Fundamentals of Modern Police Impact Weapons
Police Bookshelf  More Info
The experts speak out: The police view of gun control (Second Amendment Foundation monograph series) (Second Amendment Foundation monograph series)
Massad F Ayoob  More Info

Ayoob Files: The Book
Massad F. Ayoob  More Info

Gun-Proof Your Children / Massad Ayoob's Handgun Primer
Massad F. Ayoob  More Info

Stressfire II: Advanced Combat Shotgun
Massad F. Ayoob  More Info

Stressfire, Vol. 1 (Gunfighting for Police: Advanced Tactics and Techniques) (Gunfighting for Police)
Massad F. Ayoob  More Info

The Truth About Self Protection
Massad F. Ayoob  More Info

One reader of Hit the White Part said, “This is Massad Ayoob's book on the sport of bowling pin shooting. This book was my introduction to the game. Ayoob wrote this book in the early 1980's and the sport's state-of-the-art has changed a little since then. However the game is still, fundamentally, the same. Ayoob stresses the relevance of bowling pin shooting competition (and really any shooting competition) to defensive firearms use. He makes a strong case for bowling pin shooting as enjoyable recreational practices for people who use firearms to defend themselves. It's not the first shooting.”

One reader of Gun Digest Book of SIG-Sauer: A Complete Look at SIG-Sauer Pistols said, “I did not know what to expect of this book as I had the Gun Digest Book on the Glock and while that book was OK, this book is much more interesting. Massad Ayoob keeps things very interesting and detailed regarding each model. If you are in the market for a Sig like I was, it pretty much answers most questions you may have about the guns.

I constantly refer to it for info on cleaning or just trying to figure out what my next Sig is going to be. Very well written with nice pictures. I would highly recommend this book whether you're looking to purchase a new Sig or just into guns and want to increase your knowledge of one of the best firearms available.”

One reader of the Ayoob Files: The Book said, “As you can probably tell, with another of his books recommended here at Defend University, I am a big fan of Massad Ayoob.  This is not one of his excellent "how to" books, but a collection of his detailed analysis of actual gunfights.  The lessons learned are dramatic.  See how tactics, different weapons, and different mindsets affect actual deadly encounters.  Included is the FBI shootout in Miami as well as riveting accounts like the cabby battling it out with an armed robber in his own cab or the rookie cop who fought for his life with a crazed suspect on PCP. If you carry, or are thinking about carrying a firearm, this is a book you should own.”

One reader of Stressfire, Vol. 1 (Gunfighting for Police: Advanced Tactics and Techniques) said, “For the hard-core, dedicated gun carrier, Massad Ayoob has writen StressFire, subtitled Volume I of Gunfighting for Police: Advanced Tactics and Techniques. The first thing to strike you about this book is the absolutely awesome cover photo capturing the vortex-like fireball as Ayoob triggers one round of Federal .357 Magnum 125-grain jacketed hollowpoint out of a 4-inch barreled Smith & Wesson Model 13 revolver. Muzzle flash provides the only illumination for the photo. This shot was taken, obviously, before the era of flash-retardant powders greatly reduced the super-flamethrower effect of many .357 Magnum loads, including the Federal 125-grainers. StressFire is a book on gunfighting. In it Ayoob puts forth the techniques he believes work best, based on having debriefed hundreds of gunfight survivors. It's good stuff. Ayoob looks into this controversial topic with rare insight. He was one of the first well-known instructors, for instance, to condemn the Weaver Stance as a combat technique, recommending instead a modified isosceles. Read this book, see if you can argue with his logic.

Massad Ayoob is a wonderfully articulate writer, with extremely strong opinions. Like his fellow gunwriter and instructor Jeff Cooper, he's the sort of larger-than-life personality that attracts both devoted followers and sworn enemies. Just to make it clear where I come down on the topic, I've trained with Mas Ayoob, I've read his articles and books for 20-plus years, I like the guy. But whether you love him or hate him, there's one fact that's undeniable: no one can honestly say he's done more to provide good, solid information on the use of the defensive handgun to the average citizen than Massad Ayoob.

Do I agree with everything in this book? No. Every highly trained gunperson is going to have their own repertoire of preferred techniques, some of which might differ from what Ayoob puts forth in StressFire. And that's fine. I will say, however, that in order to have an informed opinion on the topic of gunfight survival, StressFire is one of the books you simply must have read.”

One reader of In the Gravest Extreme: The Role of the Firearm in Personal Protection said, “While there are some technical aspects of firearms law that are clearly outdated, the principles are thought-provoking and still apply. What I found interesting is that the author repeatedly states that it is preferable to avoid situations where one would have to use a defensive firearm. That is stated throughout the book. And he backs that up with situations where one could be charged with various degrees of murder, manslaughter, etc.  For example, you're walking down the street and someone insults you. Do you get into it with them, or just keep going? He explains that since you are carrying a firearm, it is your responsibility to avoid having to use it, if possible. So getting into an argument with some punk because he called you a name, which could escalate into something which might cause you to draw your weapon, must be avoided. Legally, it could be devastating.

But he doesn't shy away from using it when absolutely necessary. One carries a firearm for a reason, and that is to avoid death or serious injury. Also bear in mind that when this book was written, some very fine firearms hadn't been developed and/or used much, like the Glock. The same goes for calibers of ammunition, like the .40 S&W. Read this book because the principles still apply. Afterwards, do some further reading about various state and federal laws which now apply. Also, research the various handguns that are available today.”

About the Grantham Police Department

The Grantham Police Department has a unique Alzheimer’s Assistance Initiative.  According to the Grantham Police Department, “This program has been developed to assist families and caregivers of Grantham residents who have been diagnosed with Alzheimer’s, as well as elderly individuals who tend to wander or become lost.  The intent of this initiative is to have a photo of the person with Alzheimer’s along with current information, so officers will have easy access to the information should the person become lost.

By simply contacting the Grantham Police Department and completing a simple form, the information is entered into our computer system so we are able to rapidly respond should the need arise. The form provides all necessary information and would help officers to easily identify the missing person. It is necessary to provide a recent photograph to assist in our search efforts. If such a photograph is not readily available, we can take one for you.  The photograph can instantly be sent to all the patrol cruisers’ computers. In addition to the computer information, a poster will be generated and copies given to all emergency contact people listed.”

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