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Frank Colaprete

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Internal Investigations: A Practitioner's Approach
Frank A. Colaptete  More Info

About the Rochester Police Department

The roots of the Rochester Police Department can be traced back to March 21, 1817, when a growing mill town carved out of the western New York forests became the village of Rochesterville.  The charter of this new village allowed for a constable. The first night watch was decided upon on December 28, 1819, thus making the birth of the Rochester Police Department.


Stimulated by the Erie Canal and the railroad, Rochesterville continued to grow. In 1834, it was incorporated as the City of Rochester. The year 1853 marked the hiring of the first Police Chief, Addy Van Slyck, whose salary was $900 per year. Rochester became a leader in law enforcement and technology. By the end of the Civil War in 1865, the night watchmen and constables were reorganized into the "Metropolitan Police". Chief Joseph Cleary introduced telegrahic "call boxes" in the 1880's, which were later replaced with telephones. Mounted and bicycle patrols were added in the next decade; the Betrillon System of identification was adopted in 1903; and formal recruiting began in 1904. 


Police cars and motorcycles were introduced in the 1920's, along with traffic signals and traffic tickets. Mobile police radios were acquired in 1931, traffic radar in 1952, and the Police Academy opened its doors in 1953. Police officers were hired through political appointment until New York State enacted the Civil Service Law in 1900. After that point, the professionalism of the service increased, as officers were selected and promoted through competitive examination and received increased job security and retirement benefits. The first female officer, Nellie McElroy, was hired in 1913, becoming only the ninth policewoman in the nation.


Today, the Rochester Police Department serves a community of approximately 230,000 people and an area of over 35 square miles. Chief Robert J. Duffy leads an agency of over 850 sworn and non-sworn employees, who are dedicated to fair and impartial enforcement of the law and improving the quality of life for the citizens of Rochester.





Lieutenant Frank Colaprete began his law enforcement career with the Rochester Police Department (New York) in 1985.  He has been assigned to patrol, research, training, administration, internal affairs, and investigative support. Dr. Frank Colaprete earned his doctorate from Nova Southeastern University where his research interests have been primarily in police science and operational issues.  His Research interests also include the criminal and administrative investigation processes, police training techniques, program evaluation methodologies, mentoring, and knowledge management. 


Dr. Frank Colaprete has been an adjunct professor of criminal justice studies and institute partner for the Criminal Justice Department and Institute for Public Safety Policy Studies respectively, at the State University of New York College at Brockport since 2000.  He also holds a dual appointment as an adjunct professor of public administration in the Public Administration Department of the College.  Dr. Frank Colaprete has published several peer reviewed and professional journal articles in the areas of criminal and internal investigation as well as police training techniques.  Frank Colaprete is the author of Internal Investigations: A Practitioner’s Approach.


According to the book description of Internal Investigations: A Practitioner’s Approach “Throughout the history of law enforcement, the internal investigation process has held the most negative connotation of any investigation conducted by law enforcement personnel. As we progress through the new millennium, the need for efficient and effective law enforcement services and practices grows ever more critical. The goal of this book is to demonstrate this need for proper and complete internal investigations, and to teach the entry level and tenured police supervisor the form and function of the internal investigations process. The text selectively focuses on the purposes and practical implications of internal investigations and the pitfalls. The goal is to guide students and professionals through definitions, terminology, legal and labor issues, case law, techniques and procedures, critical and special investigations, including issues in administrative and civil claims. The reader will find a model for conducting internal investigations of police personnel that will allow a police supervisor or commander to perform investigations in a thorough, ethical, legal, and equitable manner. This book will meet the needs of attorneys who litigate cases involving allegations of police misconduct as well as representatives of collective bargaining groups who represent police personnel in similar actions. The text ends with the offering of evidence identification, evaluation and collection, case review processes, risk management, training and managing internal investigators, and the future trends in internal investigations.”

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