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The Fifth "C": The Criminal Use of Diamonds
Kelly Ross  More Info

About the Royal Canadian Mounted Police

The Royal Canadian Mounted Police is the Canadian national police service and an agency of the Ministry of Public Safety Canada. The Royal Canadian Mounted Police is unique in the world since it is a national, federal, provincial and municipal policing body. They provide a total federal policing service to all Canadians and policing services under contract to the three territories, eight provinces (except Ontario and Quebec), more than 190 municipalities, 184 Aboriginal communities and three international airports.  The authorized strength of the RCMP is over 25,000.


In 1996, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police began moving towards a more regional management system under the direction of deputy commissioners. Four regions were developed: Pacific, Northwestern, Central and Atlantic. This change ensures there is greater grass-roots involvement in decision-making and also allows the Royal Canadian Mounted Police to invest more resources into frontline services.


Under the Commissioner, operational direction is provided by Deputy Commissioners in charge of: Federal Services and Central Region (Ottawa); Operations and Integration; National Police Services; Corporate Management and Comptrollership; Atlantic Region (Halifax); North West Region (Regina); and, Pacific Region (Vancouver).




Constable Kelly Ross is a 19 year member of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police who specializes in investigating the criminal use of diamonds and jewelry; and he coordinates the Diamond Program, Customs and Excise Unit, Royal Canadian Mounted Police.  He is also a jeweler and gemologist and has testified in court as an expert on the criminal use of diamonds, gemstones and jewelry.  Kelly Ross is the author of The Fifth "C": The Criminal Use of Diamonds.


According to the book description of The Fifth "C": The Criminal Use of Diamonds, “it exposes why criminals are so drawn to diamonds, how diamonds are used in criminal activity, and why it is difficult to stop this criminal activity. The foundation that diamond values are based on are the Carat, Colour, Clarity and Cut of a diamond. These are the Four C’s of diamond grading and have been the international qualifiers used to define the value of diamonds for centuries. The contemporary diamond industry the world over has tried to introduce a fifth C in an attempt to brand diamonds as “certified” or “conflict free”. The branding provides added value to the diamonds but the jury is still out on what the Fifth C really is and the court of public opinion will decide this.


The value of diamonds is also being re-defined by criminals who have sought out diamonds and like commodities in North America for decades. For criminals, diamonds are seen as instruments to facilitate criminal activity and in this age of money tracking and anti-money laundering legislation, they are also used as a hedge against inflation and the authorities. In the world of criminals who profit from diamonds, the Fifth C is Crime.”

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