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Community and the Police--Conflict or Cooperation
Joseph Fink  More Info
Minority recruitment for the State of Tennessee, Department of Safety
Lloyd G Sealy  More Info
The problems of Black police executives
Lloyd G Sealy  More Info

About the New York Police Department (NYPD):

The first law-enforcement officer began to patrol the trails and paths of New York City when it was known as New Amsterdam, and was a Dutch settlement and fort in the year 1625. This lawman was known as a "Schout – fiscal" (sheriff – attorney) and was charged with keeping the peace, settling minor disputes, and warning colonists if fires broke out at night. The first Schout was a man named Johann Lampo.

 

The Rattle Watch was a group of colonists during the Dutch era (1609 - 1664) who patrolled from sunset until dawn. They carried weapons, lanterns and wooden rattles (that are similar to the ratchet noisemakers used during New Year celebrations). The rattles made a very loud, distinctive sound and were used to warn farmers and colonists of threatening situations. Upon hearing this sound, the colonists would rally to defend themselves or form bucket-brigades to put out fires. The rattles were used because whistles had not yet been invented. The Rattle Watchmen also are believed to have carried lanterns that had green glass inserts. This was to help identify them while they were on patrol at night (as there were no streetlights at that time). When they returned to their Watch House from patrol, they hung their lantern on a hook by the front door to show that the Watchman was present in the Watch House. Today, green lights are still hung outside the entrances of Police Precincts as a symbol that the "Watch" is present and vigilant.

 

When the High Constable of New York City, Jacob Hays retired from service in 1844, permission was granted by the Governor of the state to the Mayor of the City to create a Police Department. A force of approximately 800 men under the first Chief of Police, George W. Matsell, began to patrol the City in July of 1845. They wore badges that had an eight-pointed star (representing the first 8 paid members of the old Watch during Dutch times). The badges had the seal of the City in their center and were made of stamped copper.

 

Source:

nycpolicemuseum.org

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Lloyd George Sealy became a New York City Police Officer in 1942.  While working full-time he earned a BA degree in sociology and a law degree from Brooklyn law School.  In 1962, Lloyd George Sealy was promoted to the rank of captain and he ultimately became the first African American New York City Police Officer to take command of a precinct in Harlem.  In 1966, he became the first African American Chief Inspector and the first African American commander of the Brooklyn North Patrol Area.

 

In 1969, Lloyd George Sealy left the NYPD to become an Associate Professor of Law and Police Science at John Jay College.  Later, he would serve three terms as the chair of that department at John Jay College.  Lloyd George Sealy is the author of The Problems of Black Police Executives and Minority Recruitment for the State of Tennessee, Department of Safety; and, the co-author of The Community and the Police: Conflict or Cooperation.

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