the Maryland State Police
1909, the Board of Police Commissioners of Baltimore City urged the creation of a State detective force since the Governor,
the Fire Marshal, and State's Attorneys in the counties frequently sought help from Baltimore City's expert investigators.
The first tentative step towards a statewide police force, however, was taken in 1914 as a corps of motorcycle officers under
the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles began to enforce motor vehicle laws throughout Maryland.
a crime wave struck Maryland after World War I, the need for statewide enforcement of criminal law became critical. The Governor,
the Police Commissioner of Baltimore City, and the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles came up with a plan for a State Police Force
under the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles. Former servicemen were recruited and the first training camp was conducted early
in 1921. By 1922, the force of motorcycle deputies had statewide jurisdiction over criminal cases through deputization by
the county sheriffs. The force was supported by a plainclothes investigative department and was known as the State Police
1935, the Maryland State Police was established as a separate unit of State government. The new agency was funded out of revenues
from the Department of Commissioner of Motor Vehicles. It was granted additional statewide police powers to enforce fish,
oyster, game and other conservation laws and maintain a training school. The Maryland State Police were made part of the Department
of Public Safety and Correctional Services in 1970. In 1994, the Department of
Maryland State Police was formed as a principal executive department. It was renamed the Department of State Police in 1995.
The Maryland State Police is a paramilitary organization with a rank structure modeled after the United States military:
The Superintendent of the Maryland State Police holds the rank of Colonel. Within State government,
the Superintendent is the Secretary of the Department of State Police and a member of the Governor's Cabinet; three members
of the Maryland State Police hold the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. Each Lieutenant Colonel oversees one of the three bureaus
within the State Police and is responsible for all aspects of that bureau's operation; Majors in the State Police are responsible
for supervising a command within the State Police (such as the Logistics Command of the Support Services Bureau or one of
the three commands within the Field Operations Bureau); The specific responsibilities of a Captain vary depending upon where
they are assigned within the Agency. For example, a Captain may be a Troop Commander in the Field Operations Bureau or a Division
Commander in one of the other Bureaus.