A 19th Century New York City Police Department detective, Philip
Farley, published Criminals Of America: Or
Tales Of The Lives Of Thieves, Enabling Everyone To Be His Own Detective.
From the History
of the New York Police Department
Furthermore, it should be lawful for the Chancellor, every of the Judges of the Supreme
Court, the Mayor, Recorder, and every of the Aldermen, whenever they should deem the occasion to require it, to be in the
said office, "and then and there to do every act which they shall deem requisite to be done by them as conservators of
the peace." This act provided also for the appointment of three Special Justices, "as often a it shall be deemed
necessary," for preserving the peace in the City of New York, and likewise a clerk of the police office. The salary of
each Special Justice was fixed by law at the rate of $750 per annum, together with certain fees named in the statute.
The Mayor of the city, from time to
time, was authorized to select as many Constables and Marshals as he might deem requisite for police officers, whose duty
it should be to attend at the police office and execute the orders and commands of the Justices. The proceeds of sales of
unclaimed property were applied to compensate the said police officers for extraordinary services, and to promote the detection
and apprehension of offenders. It was the duty of the Watchmen to obey such orders and directions as they should from time
to time receive from the Special Justices relative to the detection and apprehension of offenders. It was the duty of the
Justices, or one of them, to examine all persons apprehended and detained in custody by the Night-Watches, and to make such
order thereon as the circumstances of each case and justice should require, and likewise to superintend and direct the discharge
of the Watch every morning upon the conclusion of the service of the night. The act limited the number of Marshals to sixty.
Our Police Protectors
Holice and Debbie