entered the Los Angeles Police Department in 1969 after serving on the United
States Army Peacekeeping force in Korea. In 27 years with the LAPD he investigated
more than 250 homicides, and became a court expert in highly sensitive officer-involved shootings and homicides. Throughout his career, he received more than 60 commendations from law enforcement and over 200 from civilians. He retired in 1996.
Amazon.com review said of Evidence
Dismissed, The Inside Story of the Police Investigation of O.J. Simpson, it “is one of those as-told-to
books, the tellers being Detective Tom Lange and Detective Philip Vannatter, who led the investigation into the murders of
Nicole Brown Simpson and Ron Goldman. Here, free from the constraints of courtroom procedure, cross-examination, and public
relations spin, they present their side of the story, including much evidence that never saw its day in court. Detectives
Lange and Vannatter took a lot of flak during the first Simpson trial and in the barrage of books that followed. In Evidence
Dismissed they have their revenge by pointing out errors in the prosecution's case and getting in a few digs at the defense
attorneys. As told to Dan E. Moldea, a veteran crime reporter, this latest insider story sheds some new light on the behind-the-scenes
activity surrounding the most recent Trial of the Century.”
About the LAPD
In February 1955, the Los Angeles
Police Department, through the pages of the internally produced BEAT magazine, conducted a contest for a motto for the police
academy. The conditions of the contest stated that: “The motto should be one that in a few words would express some
or all the ideals to which the Los Angeles police service is dedicated. It is possible that the winning motto might someday
be adopted as the official motto of the Department.” The winning entry was the motto, “To Protect and to Serve”
submitted by Officer Joseph S. Dorobek.
“To Protect and to Serve” became the
official motto of the Police Academy, and it was kept constantly before the officers in training as the aim and purpose of
their profession. With the passing of time, the motto received wider exposure and acceptance throughout the department. On
November 4, 1963, the Los Angeles City Council passed the necessary ordinance and the credo has now been placed alongside
the City Seal on the Departments patrol cars.