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Stephen Leinen

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Stephen Leinen is a former New York City Police Department lieutenant.  After leaving the NYPD he became a professor of sociology at Manattan College.  Ulitmately, in 2006 he retired as the Chair, Department of Sociology, Manhattan College.  Stephen Leinen is the author of Gay Cops and of Black Police, Whie Society.


According to Publisher’s Weekly, “In the first book-length study of gay police officers, Leinen, a sociologist, author of Black Police, White Society and a former NYPD lieutenant, reports on the coping and surviving strategies of 41 homosexual New York City police officers, both male and female. The author, who is heterosexual and was on the force when he began this study, attended Gay Officers Action League meetings, dances and gay pride parades. He describes the tense passage from being a law enforcement agent who potentially threatens the secrecy of gay officers still in the closet to being a researcher observing their lifestyle. Academic jargon ("deviantized minority groups" and " 'inner-closeted' group") mars an otherwise intriguing account. Leinen often allows these cops to speak for themselves about coming out to each other, to their heterosexual colleagues and to their families.”


According to the Library Journal, “Gay Cops is a groundbreaking study of gay and lesbian police officers in America. In 1976 San Francisco Sheriff's Deputy Rudi Cox became the first openly gay law enforcement officer in the United States. Five years later Sgt. Charlie Cochrane of the New York City Police Department came out at a city council meeting. With the assistance of Sergeant Cochrane and members of the Gay Officers Action League, retired NYPD Lieutenant Leinen probes the dilemmas facing homosexual officers striving to balance the realities of police work and their sexual identities. Workplace issues concerning recruitment, harassment, coming out on the job, and off-duty social life are exposed through interviews. As one officer states, "To be a cop is very hard. To be homosexual and a cop, it's harder." A highly commendable choice not only for institutions supporting police science programs but also for academic and larger public libraries.”

According to one reader of Gay Cops, “I could not put this book down. Being a gay cop, I found so many of the stories to be helpful in my coming out process. I also found that being gay, and being a cop, do work well together.”

According to one reader of Gay Cops, “Being a gay cop this was an great and insightful book. Active with the Gay Officers Action League, I had the opportunity to meet Dr. Leinen. I believe this book is required reading, not only for gay cops coming out; but for all law enforcement personnel and administrators.”

Black Police, White Society
Steven Leinen  More Info
Gay Cops
Stephen Leinen  More Info

According to the book description of Black Police, White Society, “This book is about the world of black police in New York City: who they are, how they work with the department, how they are recruited by whites, how they are treated in turn by their fellow blacks, and how they operate day by day in the richest as well as the poorest parts of the city.  Leinen provides direct quotations from police, citizens, city administrators, and street hustlers, as well as detailed assessments of encounters in the everyday relations between police and the public.”

From the History of the New York Police Department 

An act for establishing Courts of Justice of the Peace and Assistant Justices, in and for the City and County of New York (April 6, 1807), empowered the Governor of the State, by and with the advice and consent of the council of appointment, to appoint and commission "one proper person" in and for each of the respective wards of the city, to be known and distinguished by the name of Assistant Justices of the City of New York. In like manner a Justices' Court was appointed, consisting of three Justices, who held court in the City Hall.

Constables and Marshals attending the former courts were entitled to the following fees:

For serving every Summons: 19 Cents; For serving every Warrant: 25; For returning a Summons or Warrant: 6; For taking the defendant into custody on a mittimus, commitment or execution: 12; For serving an execution for $2.50 or under: 25;  The following fees were allowed to the constables and Marshal assigned to he latter court: For serving every summons: 19 cents; For serving every Warrant: 37-1/2; For taking a Bail Bond: 25


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