deal has appeared in the British press regarding the very tragic death of the Brazilian, Jean Charles de Menezes, on the 22nd
July 2005, particularly as a result of the successful prosecution at the end of 2007 of the police at Scotland Yard under
Health and Safety legislation and the publication of the British Independent Police Complaints Commission's report. No doubt, issues of H&S and the work of the Commission will now figure to a much greater extent in
future British crime thrillers.
Meanwhile, no one can, of course, should
make light of the tragedy nor have anything other than sympathy for Jean Charles’ family yet, whilst there has to be
a formal inquest and the IPCC were under a statutory obligation to investigate this case, one wonders why a prosecution was
brought under health and safety legislation at all, legislation designed primarily to ensure safety in factories and at fairgrounds,
legislation that European law makers specifically allowed for the exclusion of the police in its application and the Westminster
parliament argued would never be used in circumstances similar to those that occurred in July 2005. An illuminating view on this case was offered by Professor Waddington of the University of Wolverhampton
(see Police Review 23 November 2007 www.policereview.com) who provided detail often overlooked by the press, for example,
'the delay in activating a firearms response was just two minutes, not a matter of hours' and that 'at least one of the CO19
(armed) officers wore a police baseball cap'.
Maybe more importantly, Professor Waddington
highlights glaring IPCC oversights and the 'failure or refusal of the IPCC report to face squarely the acute dilemma in which
suicide bombers place police officers'. The professor also criticised the Commission's
approach in which 'the messy reality of a fast-moving operation is compared invidiously to a perfect world in which everything
happens as it should'.
The debate surrounding this shooting
will continue during 2008 as the case progresses through the coroner's and civil courts, but I can't help thinking of the
comments I once heard forty years ago in an English court presided over by the formidable Sir Joseph Maloney who, if I recall
correctly, said to the jury: 'Much play has been made by learned counsel for
the defence regarding the actions of the arresting officer. The matter, however,
that I invite you to consider is not whether the officer acted correctly or incorrectly, but whether he acted reasonably. In the tranquillity and dignity of this court it may be hard for you to place yourself
in the position of this lone officer at night, in a dark, ill-lit, narrow back street, as he sought to grapple with two men
whom he suspected of a particularly unpleasant robbery, but I ask you to do so now'.
This was only my second arrest and the first time that I had ever appeared before a High Court judge.
About the Author
Richard Allen, the son of senior officer in the
Bristol Fire Brigade, joined the Bristol Constabulary in 1966 as a constable and served with the Vice Squad, Drug Squad and
Special Branch. He was promoted sergeant in 1971, inspector in 1974, chief inspector
in 1981 and superintendent in 1989.
During 1978, Richard had published Effective Supervision
in the Police Service (McGraw-Hill), which was listed as recommended reading by the US Department of Justice. This was followed in 1986 with the publication of Leading from the Middle (Barry Rose) and recommended
reading for officers attending the Junior and Intermediate Command Courses at the Police Staff College, England.
Between 1988 and 1993, Richard was a visiting speaker
to the Overseas Command Courses at the Police Staff College and between 1989 and 1994 the principal police lecturer at the
Royal Military College of Science Disaster Preparedness Centre.
Richard retired from the uniformed service of the
Avon and Somerset Constabulary in 1996 and joined the Gloucestershire force as the civilian Head of Training and Development,
until his eventual retirement in December 2002.
Richard has an MSc from the University of Glamorgan
Business School, is a Fellow of the Charted Institute of Personal & Development and a Member of the Chartered Management
Richard now acts as a consultant in leadership development
for an Anglo-Australian consultancy (www.viprojects.com) and is an associate tutor, Chester University (www.chester.ac/uk).
He is the unpaid co-ordinator of volunteers for
the Bristol City Council’s Civil Contingencies Team and an unpaid assistant instructor with the Avon Centre for Riding
for the Disabled.
His first novel, Dirty Business,
was published in November 2005. His second, Die Back, is available
now. Richard is currently writing his third novel entitled Darker than Death.